The llama is a domesticated South American camelid, used as a meat and pack animal by Andean cultures since the Pre-Columbian era.
The name llama was adopted by European settlers from native Peruvians.

The height of a full-grown llama is 1.8 m tall at the top of the head.
Llama can weigh between 130 and 200 kg.
At birth, a baby llama (cria) can weigh between 10 and 14 kg.
Llamas typically live up to 25 years.

They are very social animals and live with other llamas as a herd. 
Llamas are intelligent and can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions.
The wool produced by a llama is very soft and lanolin-free. Llamas can carry to 30% of their body weight for up to 13 km.


In the textile field is worldly famous its cotton (long and fine fiber) Tanguis and Pima, also the very fine fibers of the Vicuña (finer than cashmere), the fibers of Alpaca, Suri breed, because of its large and fine fibers of which Peru produces 85% of the worlds produce; and the Llama fibers.